Created in 1918, Aberavon has been a Labour held seat with large majorities since 1992. Among the distinguished previous MPs have been Labour's first Prime Minister, Ramsey Macdonald (1922-29) and Sir John Morris (now Lord Morris, 1959-2001) who served as Secretary of State for Wales and Attorney General.
The constituency is located within the eastern part of Neath Port Talbot County Borough Council. Largely industrial and urban it includes areas of great natural beauty including the historic Margam Park, the sub-Alpine Afan Valley and the historically important industrial communities of Briton Ferry, Skewen, Cwmafan and Taibach. For more information on Neath Port Talbot visit www.neath-porttalbot.gov.uk/tourism/
The still dominant steel industry is being rapidly restructured. The steel company Tata remains a major employer with a workforce of over 3,000. The Baglan Energy Park has been established to assist in the diversification of the local economy with GE's gas fired power station. Baglan is also the site of the new district hospital opened in 2003. New sports and leisure opportunities have been initiated at the Llandarcy Academy of Sport and Learning.
Swansea University’s new Science and Innovation Campus at Crymlyn Burrows in the constituency will be opened in 2015.
The constituency has produced and continues to produce talented performers on the stage and on the sporting fields. The late Richard Burton, Sir Anthony Hopkins, Mavis Nicholson, Michael Sheen and Rob Brydon all hail from Aberavon whilst the rugby, soccer and cricket teams are amongst the best in Wales.
Welsh is spoken by over 11 per cent of the population. The constituency hosted the Urdd National Eisteddfod in 2003.